And if people don't use something then they won't waste it, and if their bad is regulated then the incidents of that bad behavior are fewer and the consequences minimized.
It is delusional to think that it solves the problem of wasting fresh water.
The earth cannot expand, not can it's systems. Essentially, we live in a closed system.
We can't produce more water. The earth has only so much and its part of the hydrologic cycle.
The problem is in an individual's subjectivity. Objectivity can and should supercede that with respect to sustainability, environmental, and rights concerns, among others.
Definitely not a straw man as property rights have never stopped environmental degradation. The Dust Bowl is a good example. States only have no incentive to conserve resources when either a) the people who comprise the state do not value anything but material wealth and/or (b) those who hold the real power, the wealthy, do not value anything but material wealth. States are the result of culture and therefore reflect the values of those in control, whether the people or some subset such as corporations.
Which leads to negative consequences when the only value is in its acquisition such as habitat destruction due to no value being placed on habitat and all value placed on a resource contained in that habitat. There is no reason to allow commoditization, at least to the extent that environmenatl degradation is allowed. Regulation can help minimize harm, which is the point.
Civilizations have collapsed due to environmental degradation caused by economic utilization of resources without any controls in place to minimize the negative effects. Scarcity doesn't incentivize conservation, a good example is with the fur trade between Indians and Europeans or with the Passenger Pigeon, it only serves to provide pressure to maximize one's take before scarcity eliminates the resource.
No, property rights has nothing to do with regulating bad behavior, other more fundamental rights do, such as the right to breath air not polluted by human activity.
Governments reflect the values of those in control and the culture of the society in which they operate. Therefore, it isn't government that can't "calculate" it is that the value system of the people is structured such that the calculations ignore certain parameters.
The earth can't sustain those that exist and our activity. Nothing we do is sustainable.
Humans are social animals and create hierarchies, including the controlling structure that I assume you refer to as "the state". Therefore, those that control any society, including the U.S., exert political pressure to further their desires, which is ultimately exerted through the government. This is simply the nature of being social animals.
With regards to business, monopolies, generally consisting of a limited number of cooperating members, are always the result, except at the lowest levels, and so require the government to regulate business to minimize the development of monopolies. Monopolies are very stable.
Sure you can. A big company assumes a smaller company and merely has to provide acceptable service or product.
Of course they don't, but that depends on the culture of the masses. Control of bad behavior is best enforced through the legal system with the threat of punishment.
Men aren't angels and societies work to various extents.
And then as societies grew past a certain point, a codified law was needed and a formal mechanism to enforce society's rules. Thus government.
Yes they do. We're social animals and always develop a "state".
You can't use economic "logic" as it is a result of a person's value system, which may not realize any rights.
The free market is no better than the people that operate in it. For example, our free market produced a dead Lake Erie and it was a few good people who forced the government to regulate behavior to reduce pollution that allowed the lake to recover. The free market is wholly incapable of controlling bad behavior, only concerned people working through politics can, as we are political animals.
It is a system based on power derived from wealth.