14 Facts about Bloody Sunday - Taken from "The New Worker Website"
1.On January 30, 1972, soldiers from the British Army's 1st Parachute Regiment opened fire on civilian demonstrators in the Bogside, Derry, Ireland, near the Rossville flats, killing 13 and wounding a number of others. One wounded man later died from illness attributed to that shooting.
2.The march, which was called to protest internment, was "illegal" according to British government authorities. Internment without trial was introduced by the British government on August 9, 1971.
3.The march took place one week after the British Army beat protesters off the strand near Magilligan during a civil rights protest in which the now-SDLP leader John Hume was involved.
4.Marchers assembled in Creggan, proceeded down Creggan Street and then William Street and had intended to march to the Guildhall in the center of the city, but that was changed to avoid confrontation with the British Army, which had barricaded the top of William Street at Waterloo Street.
5.The march began around 3 p.m. and was attended by about 5,000 people at the beginning. It grew in size to about 10,000 by the time it reached the Bogside Inn and the Free Derry Corner.
6.The Bloody Sunday march was heavily attended by young people.
7.One of those who spoke at the rally at the Free Derry Corner (where the marchers assembled rather than the Guildhall) was Bernadette Devlin, 23-year-old MP for Mid-Ulster.
8.The first shots were fired by the British Army about 3:55 p.m.
9.The British-government-appointed Widgery Tribunal found soldiers were not guilty of shooting dead the 13 civilians in cold blood.
10.The British Army officer commanding the troops, Lieutenant Colonel Derek Wilford, was in 1973 named to the Queen's "Honours List," and given a knighthood.
11.Britain's Prince Charles is "ceremonial" commanding officer of 1 Para
12.The British government and the British Army never apologized for these murders.
13.Those who were murdered:
Jack Duddy, 17, hit by single bullet as he ran across courtyard of Rossville Flats
Michael Kelly, 17, shot in stomach as he stood on pile of rubble near entrance to Glenfada Park, off Rossville Street.
James Wray, 22, shot and wounded as he ran through alleyway from Glenfada Park to Abbey Park, then shot again and killed.
Gerald McKinney, 35, shot and killed by bullet to chest has he ran with hands raised toward soldiers in Glenfada Park.
Gerald Donaghey, 17, shot in abdomen, as he ran up to flat in Abbey Park. Died on way to hospital.
William McKinney, 26, shot and killed as he bent over Gerald McKinney in Glenfada Park.
John Young, 17, hit by bullet in head and killed as he stood beside rubble barricade across Rossville Street.
Michael McDaid, 20, shot dead standing by same barricade.
William Nash, 19, shot in chest and killed. At same barricade.
Patrick Doherty, 31, shot in buttock while crawling toward Rossville Flats. Bullet traveled up spine and exited chest, instantly killing him.
Bernard McGuigan, 41, killed instantly when hit in back of head as he crawled toward body of Pat Doherty near Rossville Flats.
Hugh Glimour, 17, killed by bullets that passed through his elbow and across his body as he ran up Rossville Street.
Kevin McElhinney, 17, killed as he crawled to a doorway inRossville Flats. Bullet enter his buttock and traveled through his body.
John Johnson died later from illness associated with injury suffered on that day.
Patrick O'Donnell, Patrick McDaid, Alex Nash, Patrick Campbell, Peggy Deery, Daniel McGowan, Michael Bridge, Michael Quinn, Joseph Mahon, Joseph Friel and Michael Bradley were all wounded by gunfire that day. Alana Burke was injured when a British Army armored personnel carrier crushed her against a wall.
14.None of the dead or wounded were armed. No shots were fired at the British Army.
Information compiled from "Bloody Sunday in Derry, What really happened," by Eamonn McCann, 1992, Brandon Books, Dingle, Co. Kerry, Ireland.