"We have, for the first time, demonstrated impact to Underground Sources of Drinking Water (USDW) as a result of hydraulic fracturing," says the study published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.

The researchers also discovered that industry fracked directly into aquifers at depths as shallow as 213 metres with highly toxic chemicals, including benzene.

The new study also found that different companies in Pavillion, Wyoming used acid and hydraulic fracturing treatments at the same depths as water wells in the area. Waste disposal pits contaminated groundwater, too.

The scientists matched chemical compounds used in fracking to chemicals found in two groundwater monitoring wells drilled by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 2008.

A 2014 University of Texas study, for example, looked at 100 water wells in the heavily fracked Barnett Shale and found that approximately 30 per cent of the wells within 2.9 kilometres of gas drilling sites showed an increased amount of arsenic and other heavy metals.

As of 2016 there are over a million fracking wells in the United States. The average fracking well uses 300 tons of toxic chemicals , each well needs 2 million to 4 million gallons of fresh to drill a fracture, that water is then contaminated beyond recovery with toxic chemicals and in itself produces a major pollution problem.

portions of the above copied from http://thetyee.com


DdC's picture
DdC 3 years 24 weeks ago

Cheney's Legacy of Fracking America to Death
Halliburton Watch: fracturing Americans 1949 - ?

Why Did George Bush Buy Nearly 300,000 acres in Paraguay?

Bush bought the rights to a veritable ocean of fresh, clear-as-glass, Grade A water.

His land rests atop one of the largest freshwater aquifers in the world: Acuifero Guarani, by name.

“Acuifero Guarani covers roughly 460,000 square miles under parts of Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina. It is estimated to contain about 8,900 cubic miles of water.”

Kpax's picture
Kpax 3 years 24 weeks ago

I don't know why we have to wait for Stanford or any others to tells us what we already understand! When industry has to keep proprietary secrets...it's not for patents or intellectual bla bla bla. It's because they are hiding something that the public would probably, highly object to. We protest but get put in jail or ignored. Industry wins and we lose. Our planet gets poisoned while a few greedy pricks get rich and live without worry while the rest of us get sick and/or die and the planets gifts dry up.

We didn't need Academia to verify what we've been fighting all this time. Dollars rule this country. End of story.

JR Van Camp's picture
JR Van Camp 3 years 24 weeks ago

The undeniable reality of the horrendous effect of the fracking technology must serve as the catalyst for accelerating the pace of alternative energy. As a water treatment professional I speak from personal experience; these frackers are rarely if ever willing to spend any money to remediate or reclaim the waste water from these operations. They think that water is free and it is their right to exploit it. I welcome the bankruptcies of frackers from the glut of hydrocarbons and declining prices in the market, but damage has been done.

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