In presidential elections dating back to 2000, there's been noticeable media coverage of long lines in majority-black precincts; commentators sometimes wonder out loud why people would have to wait in line 8 hours to vote in, for example, inner city Ohio in 2004 or Milwaukee in the 2020 primaries.
Leading up to Georgia Secretary of State Brian Kemp's contest with Stacey Abrams in 2018, the Atlanta Constitution-Journal documented how 8 percent of the state's polling places had been recently closed, hitting rural black areas particularly hard. The Washington Post chronicled how broken voting machines - and the long lines they create - were largely confined to downtown Atlanta and black suburbs and rural areas. The effect, of course, is to discourage voters from showing up or staying in line, particularly those people who are paid by the hour and have to take time off work to vote.
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